Gregory Marchal’s Personal Page


About

This is the personal web page of Gregory Marchal. The views expressed here are my personal views, not those of the foundations or the projects I'm associated to.

Cardinal Virtues

Here are the four cardinal virtues:

  1. Prudence (φρόνησις, phronēsis): also called “wisdom,” the ability to judge between actions with regard to appropriate actions at a given time.
  2. Justice (δικαιοσύνη, dikaiosynē): also called “fairness,” the perpetual and constant will of rendering to each one his right.
  3. Temperance (σωφροσύνη, sōphrosynē): also called “restraint,” the practice of self-control, abstention, and moderation; tempering the appetition.
  4. Courage (ἀνδρεία, andreia): also called “fortitude,” forbearance, strength, endurance, and the ability to confront fear, uncertainty, and intimidation.

Typography

Traditional Typographic Scale

Here are the traditional typographic scale:

a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a
· · · 8va
10 11 12 14 16 18 21 24 30 36 48 60 72 pt

Just Typographic Scale

Here are the just typographic scale:

a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a
· · · 8va
101213161821242732364248546472pt
¾½

The original idea to treat the traditional typographic scale like a musical pentatonic scale is from the article “The typographic scale”, by Spencer Mortensen. The difference is that Spencer used musical pentatonic equal temperament to generate his adjusted scale, I used musical pentatonic just intonation (Unison, Major second, Perfect fourth, Perfect fifth, Minor seventh and Octave respectively).

Some values above are rounded to present the just typographic scale like the traditional typographic scale: a serie of integers in points. Here are the raw, just, values as it was calculated:

The just typographic scale
NoteRatioem / pcptpx% of larger value% of smaller value
NoteRatioem / pcptpx% of larger value% of smaller value
C-12:10.56820050
D-116:90.56256.759177.77856.25
F-13:20.666667810.666715066.6667
G-14:30.75912133.33375
A-1♯ / B-19:80.88888910.666714.2222112.588.8889
C01:111216100100
D08:91.12513.51888.8889112.5
F03:41.333331621.333375133.333
G02:31.5182466.6667150
A0♯ / B09:161.7777821.333328.444456.25177.778
C11:22243250200
D14:92.25273644.4444225
F13:82.666673242.666737.5266.667
G11:33364833.3333300
A1♯ / B19:323.5555642.666756.888928.125355.556
C21:44486425400
D22:94.5547222.2222450
F23:165.333336485.333318.75533.333
G21:66729616.6667600

Lorem Ipsum

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Curabitur sit amet sagittis nisi. Nulla convallis porta fringilla. Vestibulum ante ipsum primis in faucibus orci luctus et ultrices posuere cubilia Curae; Donec dictum molestie libero a blandit. Aliquam elementum vitae tortor at ullamcorper. Etiam gravida diam vitae consequat porta. In non justo ut ante tristique fermentum posuere nec sapien. Nullam vitae massa sodales leo egestas ultrices in vel dolor. Nunc et risus risus. Donec mattis, dolor eu feugiat blandit, massa turpis convallis elit, ac ullamcorper justo massa ut dui. Nulla ligula arcu, tempor ac placerat vel, adipiscing ut urna.

Suspendisse potenti. Nunc ultrices et enim nec consequat. Aenean rutrum nibh nisi, quis semper nisi imperdiet nec. Morbi congue, tortor vel posuere imperdiet, massa ligula blandit lacus, eu auctor dolor sem vitae velit. In aliquam volutpat tristique. Donec porta ipsum ut nunc iaculis posuere. Duis sodales erat eu accumsan bibendum. Phasellus egestas tincidunt tristique. Sed molestie sagittis felis vitae sollicitudin.

Ut eros enim, mattis nec magna a, imperdiet imperdiet mauris. Class aptent taciti sociosqu ad litora torquent per conubia nostra, per inceptos himenaeos. In ut quam elit. Maecenas dictum, urna vitae molestie congue, nisl sem fermentum est, id sollicitudin mi nisl eget nisl. Nullam commodo, tortor quis sodales rhoncus, purus nulla semper eros, eu viverra quam mi id velit. Proin non velit ultricies est sodales sollicitudin in id mi. Sed a ultricies neque. Suspendisse consectetur dolor eget tempus placerat. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis egestas. Nullam in dui sapien. Maecenas sagittis venenatis augue a ultrices. Duis facilisis enim eget risus vestibulum consectetur.

Praesent in lorem non leo imperdiet rhoncus non eget nulla. Suspendisse venenatis turpis ac arcu ultricies, ac mollis ante lacinia. In pharetra cursus pellentesque. Aenean malesuada accumsan libero sit amet suscipit. Curabitur nec varius diam. Mauris quis gravida quam, non auctor dolor. Maecenas a eros nunc. Etiam non luctus tellus. Sed sed nulla non mauris congue pulvinar vel id dolor. Ut tincidunt sed augue non dapibus.

Mauris porta eros vel ipsum molestie hendrerit. Suspendisse a dolor at neque mollis vehicula non a est. Nunc vitae ipsum nibh. Donec feugiat augue neque, quis euismod ante hendrerit non. Integer tortor elit, pretium eu lacus a, posuere malesuada velit. Aenean hendrerit felis nec lectus laoreet lacinia. Curabitur varius eleifend iaculis. Donec tempus condimentum sapien congue porta. Integer rutrum dolor et dignissim posuere. Donec adipiscing nisl eu ipsum hendrerit posuere. Quisque eget condimentum metus.

Donec a justo in velit venenatis ullamcorper. Donec ut commodo turpis. Quisque sit amet risus a quam sagittis adipiscing nec at quam. Vestibulum in dignissim nunc. Aliquam vel nulla lorem. Aenean eu lobortis sem. Aenean aliquet aliquet enim, non commodo urna rutrum eget. Sed eleifend pretium neque, eget pharetra dui vulputate id. Proin justo felis, pellentesque ut aliquam ac, tincidunt a quam. In facilisis venenatis scelerisque.

Sed pretium risus adipiscing velit blandit fermentum. Nullam faucibus consectetur turpis, quis egestas mi adipiscing ac. Morbi placerat arcu sed convallis fringilla. Pellentesque at lorem lacus. Sed euismod urna lacus, sed varius quam sollicitudin at. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Mauris id lectus egestas mi facilisis elementum. Etiam a elit eu urna posuere scelerisque. Duis enim justo, scelerisque vel eleifend vel, semper et mauris. Maecenas massa felis, vehicula in eleifend feugiat, pulvinar a mi. Nullam ut sapien lobortis, tristique dui eu, adipiscing augue. Proin tortor lorem, blandit nec ipsum sed, rhoncus porta urna. Pellentesque pellentesque at tortor sed egestas. Quisque eleifend dignissim ante, id iaculis est elementum eget. In hac habitasse platea dictumst.

Vivamus justo lacus, suscipit a ullamcorper ac, dignissim et urna. Duis tristique commodo lectus, sit amet vulputate augue posuere id. Sed ut mollis urna, eget fringilla lorem. Morbi accumsan dui ac lacus euismod, at hendrerit nisl vehicula. Cras vel ultrices ante. Nulla sed lorem imperdiet, accumsan magna non, pulvinar sapien. Nullam condimentum metus eget nisi dignissim, a molestie mi feugiat. Suspendisse at lacus id risus blandit interdum id et mi. Donec nec nisl enim. Integer non suscipit arcu. Vivamus odio magna, viverra sit amet adipiscing ut, ornare vel ante. Suspendisse vitae est sem. Pellentesque tincidunt tellus sapien, ac hendrerit dui tincidunt nec. Sed tempus, felis vel tempus molestie, est nisl pellentesque lectus, in congue magna neque molestie neque. Proin venenatis id risus et ornare.

Praesent vestibulum vitae urna vel mollis. Aenean vel imperdiet lorem. Nullam fringilla ut tellus vitae ullamcorper. Sed nec lacus rutrum, dapibus felis sed, molestie elit. Vivamus iaculis, risus fringilla malesuada vulputate, nulla est commodo metus, nec pulvinar lacus lacus ac felis. Vivamus ac magna nec neque viverra fermentum vitae ac est. Vestibulum ut nulla ut dui pretium tincidunt non non est. Proin sollicitudin odio id tellus euismod ultrices. Vivamus eget elit mattis, convallis dui non, iaculis turpis. Nunc eget rutrum dolor, scelerisque porta nibh. Praesent vestibulum a odio mattis luctus. Curabitur in neque eu nulla ornare rhoncus. Quisque varius luctus neque id tempus.

Cras id ante vitae erat commodo aliquet fermentum quis lacus. Donec nec quam semper, bibendum elit non, condimentum tortor. In aliquam bibendum lobortis. Nam nunc purus, aliquet quis massa at, adipiscing scelerisque tellus. Donec non mollis libero, sed convallis libero. Vestibulum euismod elit felis, non malesuada orci bibendum ut. Phasellus nec nisi scelerisque, pharetra quam quis, rutrum velit. Vestibulum vehicula semper eros vitae sodales. Duis ac convallis lacus, in lacinia erat. Mauris imperdiet feugiat tristique.

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B-Head

C-Head

D-Head

E-Head
F-Head

Quotes

Here are some quotes that I particularly like.

Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis egestas. In sagittis quam accumsan lorem varius bibendum. Nam ullamcorper iaculis libero vel egestas. Nam ac volutpat ante. Phasellus laoreet sodales nibh, at interdum turpis. Cras bibendum mollis porttitor. Ut consequat auctor mi, semper iaculis metus aliquam vel. Aliquam nec erat arcu. Sed facilisis, sapien a tempor condimentum, magna ante rhoncus enim, at elementum arcu felis vitae mi. Nullam eu posuere velit.

Cicero

Nullam ullamcorper rhoncus neque in vestibulum. Integer aliquet mauris est, sed euismod erat placerat interdum. Duis at accumsan massa, ac auctor tellus. Sed a tempor augue. Nulla eu pellentesque sapien. Etiam a laoreet quam. Quisque elementum est quis quam convallis blandit. Sed eu interdum est. Vestibulum lobortis sit amet neque ut viverra. Donec ut nunc ac est pretium accumsan et vel nisl. Morbi iaculis, augue quis accumsan accumsan, magna risus vestibulum diam, et porttitor dui mauris sed turpis. Aliquam mollis ut erat at auctor. Integer enim nisl, pharetra vel mauris non, luctus tempor tellus. Aenean id accumsan nisl. Morbi accumsan mollis odio ut egestas.

Epictetus

Suspendisse ullamcorper dapibus lacus sed aliquam. Quisque semper sapien vitae consequat mollis. Vivamus nec erat malesuada augue suscipit tristique euismod vel sem. Vestibulum augue mi, lobortis ac odio dignissim, mollis convallis eros. Donec ac ante at lectus lobortis rutrum. Donec eu quam aliquam, pharetra arcu eu, consequat eros. Quisque laoreet facilisis aliquam. Praesent ac metus commodo, rutrum odio quis, pretium lectus. Fusce lacinia dignissim metus, id volutpat nunc suscipit eu.

Seneca

Verses

Here are some verses that I particularly like.

If you can keep your head when all about you
Are losing theirs and blaming it on you,
If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you,
But make allowance for their doubting too;
If you can wait and not be tired by waiting,
Or being lied about, don’t deal in lies,
Or being hated, don’t give way to hating,
And yet don’t look too good, nor talk too wise:

If you can dream—and not make dreams your master;
If you can think—and not make thoughts your aim;
If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster
And treat those two impostors just the same;
If you can bear to hear the truth you’ve spoken
Twisted by knaves to make a trap for fools,
Or watch the things you gave your life to, broken,
And stoop and build ’em up with worn-out tools:

If you can make one heap of all your winnings
And risk it on one turn of pitch-and-toss,
And lose, and start again at your beginnings
And never breathe a word about your loss;
If you can force your heart and nerve and sinew
To serve your turn long after they are gone,
And so hold on when there is nothing in you
Except the Will which says to them: ‘Hold on!’

If you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue,
Or walk with Kings—nor lose the common touch,
If neither foes nor loving friends can hurt you,
If all men count with you, but none too much;
If you can fill the unforgiving minute
With sixty seconds’ worth of distance run,
Yours is the Earth and everything that’s in it,
And—which is more—you’ll be a Man, my son!

Rudyard Kipling, “If—.”

Snippets

UNIT             LOAD  ACTIVE SUB    DESCRIPTION
proc-sys-...mt_misc.automount loaded active waiting  Arbitrary Executable File Form
sys-devic...-block-sr0.device loaded active plugged  QEMU_DVD-ROM
sys-devic...0-net-eth0.device loaded active plugged  Virtio network device
sys-devic...-block-vda.device loaded active plugged  /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:0
sys-devic...-tty-ttyS2.device loaded active plugged  /sys/devices/platform/serial82
sys-devic...-tty-ttyS3.device loaded active plugged  /sys/devices/platform/serial82
sys-devic...-tty-ttyS0.device loaded active plugged  /sys/devices/pnp0/00:06/tty/tt
sys-devic...-tty-ttyS1.device loaded active plugged  /sys/devices/pnp0/00:07/tty/tt
sys-module-fuse.device    loaded active plugged  /sys/module/fuse
sys-subsy...vices-eth0.device loaded active plugged  Virtio network device

Other sites and organizations of interest:

Thanks

I would like to thank: